ZIKA VIRUS: SHOULD RUNNERS WORRY ABOUT THE ZIKA ?

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zika virus
flickr photo by Sanofi Pasteur http://flickr.com/photos/sanofi-pasteur/5284040324 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) license

Viruses and bacteria can be a big problem for runners, and 2016 is the year that we are learning about a “new” virus: the zika.

Because we are listening and reading a lot of news on the Zika virus we will give you some important details about the zika and see if it is a virus that runners should be especially careful.

Although the virus is unknown to most people, in 1947 was first identified in Uganda in macaques. In 1952 was identified in humans in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania.

According to the Pan American Health Organization, in 2016, 20 countries have already reported detecting zika in its territory:Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, French Guiana, Haiti, Honduras , Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, the island of St. Maarten, Suriname and Venezuela.

TRANSMISSION

The Zika virus is similar to dengue, yellow fever, West Nile virus and Japanese encephalitis.Zika virus is transmitted to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These are the same mosquitoes that spread dengue and chikungunya viruses.

On january 29, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has said that there are two recorded cases when the highly dangerous Zika virus may have been transmitted through sexual intercourse.

The incubation period of the Zika virus is short and usually takes a few days; once you are bitten by a mosquito with the disease take little you to start feel the symptoms.

SYMPTOMS

The most common symptoms of zika include fever, rash, joint pain, red eye (conjunctivitis), muscle pain, and headache. Deaths are rare.

The biggest concern is the potential impact on babies developing in the womb. Since October, there have been around 3,500 reported cases of microcephaly, a condition where babies are born with very small brains in Brazil alone

The zika can be detected and diagnosed through blood tests. If you suffer from symptoms that we tell you up, you must visit your doctor so he can diagnose you correctly.

If you live and / or you traveled recently to one of the countries where Zika is common, tell your doctor.

TREATMENT

To date, no vaccine or medication to prevent or treat infections Zika. The recommendation of the World Health Organization are as follows:

.- Treat symptoms.

.- Rest enough .

.- Drink fluids to avoid dehydration.

.- Take medicine to relieve fever and pain.

.- Do not use aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen.

THE ZIKA ANDĀ RUNNERS

RunnersĀ  who live or vacation in countries where zika is in full bud, will be more exposed to the disease and it is advisable to do some prevention techniques.

Use mosquito repellents while running. Cover your legs, arms, neck, ears and face. Do not think because you are running do not sting. Remember that in the moments when you stretch or do interval training break in series, you’ll be exposed to mosquito bites.

If not too hot in your city and it is possible, using sleeves or long pants.

Sources:

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/zika/es/

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/index.html

flickr photo by Sanofi Pasteur http://flickr.com/photos/sanofi-pasteur/5284040324 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) license